Router bits fit into two general categories: edge-forming bits and groove-forming bits. Edge-forming bits are used to cut decorative profiles on the edges of boards; they are equipped with integral pilots that guide the bit along the edge of the material being cut.
Some more inexpensive bits have fixed pilots that are an extension of the bit shank, but most today have ball-bearing pilots that allow the cutter to spin but won’t burn the edge of the board as fixed pilots can. Groove-forming bits cut channels of various profiles into the material. Except when carving freehand, they require a cutting guide.
Most basic bits are made with either a 1/4-in. or 1/2-in.-dia. shank. Bits with a larger cutting radius can only be used with a router that accepts a 1/2-in. shank. Unless otherwise noted, the sizes listed below refer to cutting radius.
Roundover Bit: Piloted bit eliminates sharp edges.
Core Box Bit: Grooving bit for fluting, veining and carving.
Flush-Trimming Bits: Piloted edge-trimming bits for trimming laminates and pattern routing.
Chamfer Bits: Piloted bit eliminates sharp edges, making smooth, clean angle cut.
Straight Bit: Cleans up edges, cuts grooves, can be used for mortising and carving.
Dovetail Bit: Used to cut dovetail joints, generally with a dovetail jig.
Roman Ogee Bit: Cut decorative edge profiles and manufacture trim moldings.
Piloted Rabbeting Bit: Cut rabbets, tongue-and-grooves and shiplap joints without need for straightedge or other guide.
Veining (V-Groove) Bit: Usedfor carving, lettering and cutting decorative V-shaped veins.
Router Bits for Beginners | Rockler Skill Builders
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In this video the most common types of router bits are explained for the novice woodworker. The Rockler router bits highlighted in this video include: Straight, Rabbeting, Round Over, Flush Trim, Roman Ogee, Chamfer, and Undersized Plywood Bits.
The Best Router Bits For Beginners
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If you want to know what the best router bits for beginners are, then check out today’s video! Router bits can be a bit overwhelming because of the number of available options. Therefore, let me show you the five most common router bits that I recommend for every new beginner.
Beginner Router/Router Bit Setup
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Router Bit Speeds, Feed and Types
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This week’s woodworking skill builder is Router Bit Speeds, Feed and Types. I go over the proper speed and feed for your variable speed router, for different bits and the many types of bits that are out there.
5 Essential Router Bits
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In this video tutorial, I show you how to use a router with 5 of the most popular router bits. Purchasing a wood router is only the first step to routing, the next step is choosing bits and there are hundreds to choose from, in this video Colin lays out what are his most used router bits.
Router bits used: – Roundover Bits – Ogee Bits – Flush Trim Bits – Adjustable Rabbeting Bit – Straight Bits – Spiral Down Bits