Cutting Basics For Woodworking

Cutting is a fundamental process that is critical to the success of just about any project you’re likely to undertake in your workshop. It’s essentially a three-part task: laying out the cutting line; setting up for the cut; and executing the cut.

Setting up involves choosing the best tool and blade for the job, then adjusting the tool or position of the workpiece to ensure an accurate cut.

There are really only two ways of cutting:

Either you apply a tool to the workpiece (as with most portable and hand tools), or you apply the workpiece to the tool (as with table saws and other tools where the cutting instrument remains in one spot throughout the cut).

When applying the tool to the workpiece, use a combination of straightedges, cutting guides and clamps to achieve accurate cuts. When applying the workpiece to the tool, you normally rely on the built-in fences and scales of the tool to guide the cut.

The basic types of cut undertaken in workshops include:

Cross-cutting (making a straight cut across the grain of a board)

Rip-cutting (reducing the width of a board by cutting it lengthwise with the grain);

Miter-cutting (cross-cutting at an angle with the saw blade perpendicu1ar to the workpiece)

Bevel-cutting (making a nonperpendicular cut).

5 Woodworking Cuts You Need to Know How to Make | WOODWORKING BASICS

6 Woodworking cuts you Needs to Know – basic woodworking

I decided to make this video after google searching the difference between a bevel and a miter. I saw that there was a fair amount of confusion on the subject so I hope this clears up confusion.

I love my fingers and my life. Please be safe when you woodwork. Power tools can pose a serious risk if used improperly. Read your manuals and practice proper technique to avoid an injury, I say this out of genuine concern for your well being.

Rip cut, cross cut, bevel rip cut, bevel cross cut, compound miter cut, miter cut

Compound bevel miter cut is the same as compound miter cut.

Cross-cut can also be spelled crosscut but I believe that spelling is more commonly used as the name of a saw that does cross cuts.

Joinery: All Basic Woodworking Cuts You Need To Know

Whether it is as basic as a butt joint or as elaborate as a curved through dovetail, any joint can be made with one or more of the basic cuts shown in this video.

A tenon, for example, is formed with two or more rabbet cuts, a mortise is nothing more than a deep stopped groove. A lap joint is made from two dadoes or wide rabbets. The secret in creating any joint is making these simple cuts precisely and in the correct sequence.

Here are the all basic woodworking cuts you need to know:

  • 1. Crosscut
  • 2. Rip cut
  • 3. Miter cut / Mitre
  • 4. Bevel cut
  • 5. Compound cut
  • 6. Rabbet & Stopped rabbet / Rebate
  • 7. End notch & Edge notch
  • 8. Groove & Stopped groove
  • 9. Hole & Stopped hole
  • 10. Dado & Stopped dado / Housing / Trench

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